Angara-A5 Rocket Test: In space exploration, Russia launched the Angara-A5 Rocket Test successfully in orbit in the Far East of Russia. It is launched by of  Vostochny Cosmodrome of Russia Space Exploration. Russia successfully conducted the first test of its Angara-A5 space rocket on April 11, 2024, from the Vostochny Cosmodrome in the Far East. The project’s previous test attempts were discarded due to issues with the pressurization system and engine launch-control system on April 9 and 10

Angara-A5 Rocket’s Specficiation

The Angara-A5 Rocket developed by Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center in Russia, includes a range of launch vehicles designed to carry payloads ranging from 3,800 kg to 24,500 kg into low Earth orbit. These rockets, along with Soyuz-2 variants, aim to replace various existing launch vehicles. Notable specifications include a height range of 42.7 m to 64 m, a width of 2.9 m for Angara 1.2 and 8.86 m for Angara A5, and a mass range from 171,500 kg to 790,000 kg. It is launched from sites in Plesetsk and Vostochny, with the Angara A5 model boasting a maximum thrust of 1,920 kN per booster and utilizing RP-1/LOX propellant. Its debut flight was the Angara A5 on December 23, 2014.

Angara-A5 Rocket’s specifications and characteristics

Name of Rocket Angara-A5
FunctionLaunch vehicle
Country of originRussia
Cost per launch (Angara A5)US$100 million (2021)
Height42.7 m (140 ft) – 64 m (210 ft)
Width (Angara 1.2)2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
Width (Angara A5)8.86 m (29.1 ft)
Mass171,500 kg (378,100 lb) – 790,000 kg (1,740,000 lb)
Payload to LEO (Plesetsk)3,800 kg (8,400 lb) – 24,500 kg (54,000 lb)
Payload to GTO (Plesetsk)5,400 kg (11,900 lb) – 7,500 kg (16,500 lb)
Launch statusActive
Launch sitesPlesetsk, Site 35/1; Vostochny, Site 1A
Total launches6 (A1.2PP: 1 (suborbital), A1.2: 2, A5: 3)
Successes5 (A1.2PP: 1 (suborbital), A1.2: 2, A5: 2)
Partial failures1 (A5: 1)
First flightA1.2PP: July 9, 2014; A1.2: April 29, 2022; A5: December 23, 2014
Last flightA1.2: October 15, 2022; A5: December 27, 2021
Boosters (A5)4 (URM-1)
Maximum thrust (per booster)19.6 kN (4,400 lb)
Total thrust (Sea level)7,680 kN (1,730,000 lbf)
Specific impulse (Sea level)310.7 s (3.047 km/s)
Burn time214 seconds
First stage (URM-1)Powered by 1 RD-191
Maximum thrust (Sea level)1,920 kN (430,000 lbf)
Specific impulse (Sea level)310.7 s (3.047 km/s)
Burn time (Angara 1.2)214 seconds
Burn time (Angara A5)325 seconds
Second stage (URM-2)Powered by 1 RD-0124A
Maximum thrust294.3 kN (66,200 lbf)
Specific impulse359 s (3.52 km/s)
Burn time (Angara A5)424 seconds
Third stage (optional, A5)Briz-M
Powered by1 S5.98M
Maximum thrust68.6 kN (15,400 lb)
Specific impulse326 s (3.20 km/s)
Burn time3,000 seconds
Third stage (optional, A5)KVTK (under development)
Powered by1 RD-0146D
Maximum thrust68.6 kN (15,400 lbf)
Specific impulse463 s (4.54 km/s)
Burn time1,350 seconds

Angara project short note

The Angara project, launched by Russia in 1991, aims to develop a domestically produced launch vehicle. Its flagship model, the Angara-A5, conducted test flights in 2014 and 2020 but had faced setbacks in a partial test in in past. Designed to replace the Proton launcher, it ensures Russia’s space access post-Baikonur Cosmodrome lease expiration in 2050. Despite delays, President Putin highlights its national security role and potential for cargo delivery to a planned space station.

When did Russia start the Angara project?

Russia initiated the Angara project in 1991, shortly after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Where is Angara A5 based?

The Angara-A5 is based at the Vostochny Cosmodrome in the Far East of Russia.

Ashutosh Raj

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